Effect

Effect is a container for async function.

It can be safely used in place of the original async function.

Arguments

  1. params (Params): parameters passed to effect

Returns

(Promise)

Example

import {createEffect, createStore} from 'effector'
const fetchUserFx = createEffect(async ({id}) => {
const res = await fetch(`https://example.com/users/${id}`)
return res.json()
})
const users = createStore([]) // Default state
// add reducer for fetchUserFx.doneData event (triggered when handler resolved)
.on(fetchUserFx.doneData, (users, user) => [...users, user])
// subscribe to handler resolve
fetchUserFx.done.watch(({result, params}) => {
console.log(params) // => {id: 1}
console.log(result) // => resolved value
})
// subscribe to handler reject or throw error
fetchUserFx.fail.watch(({error, params}) => {
console.error(params) // => {id: 1}
console.error(error) // => rejected value
})
// you can replace function anytime
fetchUserFx.use(function anotherHandler() {})
// call effect with your params
fetchUserFx({id: 1})
// handle promise
const data = await fetchUserFx({id: 2})

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Effect Methods

use(handler)

Provides a function, which will be called when effect is triggered.

Formulae

effect.use(fn)
  • Set handler fn for effect
  • If effect was handler before, it will be replaced
  • Hint: current handler can be extracted with effect.use.getCurrent()
note

You must provide a handler either through .use method or handler property in createEffect, otherwise effect will throw with "no handler used in %effect name%" error when effect will be called

Arguments

  1. handler (Function): Function, that receives the first argument passed to an effect call.

Returns

(Effect): The same effect

Example

const fetchUserReposFx = createEffect()
fetchUserReposFx.use(async params => {
console.log('fetchUserReposFx called with', params)
const url = `https://api.github.com/users/${params.name}/repos`
const req = await fetch(url)
return req.json()
})
fetchUserReposFx({name: 'zerobias'})
// => fetchUserRepos called with {name: 'zerobias'}

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watch(watcher)

Subscribe to effect calls.

Formulae

const unwatch = effect.watch(fn)
  • Call fn on each effect call, pass payload of effect as argument to fn
  • When unwatch is called, stop calling fn

Arguments

  1. watcher (Watcher): A function that receives payload.

Returns

Subscription: Unsubscribe function.

Example

import {createEffect} from 'effector'
const effectFx = createEffect(value => value)
const unsubscribe = effectFx.watch(payload => {
console.log('called with', payload)
unsubscribe()
})
await effectFx(10)
// => called with 10
await effectFx(20)
// no reaction

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prepend(fn)

Creates an event, upon trigger it sends transformed data into the source event. Works kind of like reverse .map. In case of .prepend data transforms before the original event occurs and in the case of .map, data transforms after original event occurred.

Formulae

const event = effect.prepend(fn)
  • When event is triggered, call fn with payload from event, then trigger effect with result of fn()

Arguments

  1. fn (Function): A function that receives payload, should be pure.

Returns

Event: New event.


use.getCurrent()

Returns current handler of effect. Useful for testing.

Formulae

fn = effect.use.getCurrent()

Returns

(Function): Current handler, defined by handler property or via use call.

Example

const handlerA = () => 'A'
const handlerB = () => 'B'
const fx = createEffect({handler: handlerA})
console.log(fx.use.getCurrent() === handlerA)
// => true
fx.use(handlerB)
console.log(fx.use.getCurrent() === handlerB)
// => true

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Effect Properties

doneData

Event, which is triggered with result of the effect execution:

Formulae

event = effect.doneData
  • doneData is an event, that triggered when effect is successfully resolved with result from .done
Important

Do not manually call this event. It is event that depends on effect.

since

effector 20.12.0

Event triggered when handler is resolved.

Example

import {createEffect} from 'effector'
const effectFx = createEffect(value => Promise.resolve(value + 1))
effectFx.doneData.watch(result => {
console.log('Done with result', result)
})
await effectFx(2)
// => Done with result 3

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failData

Event, which is triggered with error thrown by the effect

Formulae

event = effect.failData
  • failData is an event, that triggered when effect is rejected with error from .fail
Important

Do not manually call this event. It is event that depends on effect.

since

effector 20.12.0

Event triggered when handler is rejected or throws error.

Example

import {createEffect} from 'effector'
const effectFx = createEffect()
effectFx.use(value => Promise.reject(value - 1))
effectFx.failData.watch(error => {
console.log('Fail with error', error)
})
effectFx(2) // => Fail with error 1

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done

Event, which is triggered when handler is resolved.

Important

Do not manually call this event. It is event that depends on effect.

Properties

Event triggered with object of params and result:

  1. params (Params): An argument passed to the effect call
  2. result (Done): A result of the resolved handler

Example

import {createEffect} from 'effector'
const effectFx = createEffect(value => Promise.resolve(value + 1))
effectFx.done.watch(({params, result}) => {
console.log('Done with params', params, 'and result', result)
})
await effectFx(2)
// => Done with params 2 and result 3

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fail

Event, which is triggered when handler is rejected or throws error.

Important

Do not manually call this event. It is event that depends on effect.

Properties

Event triggered with object of params and error:

  1. params (Params): An argument passed to effect call
  2. error (Fail): An error catched from the handler

Example

import {createEffect} from 'effector'
const effectFx = createEffect()
effectFx.use(value => Promise.reject(value - 1))
effectFx.fail.watch(({params, error}) => {
console.log('Fail with params', params, 'and error', error)
})
effectFx(2) // => Fail with params 2 and error 1

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finally

since

effector 20.0.0

Event, which is triggered when handler is resolved, rejected or throws error.

Important

Do not manually call this event. It is event that depends on effect.

Properties

Event, which is triggered with object of status, params and error or result:

  1. status (string): A status of effect (done or fail)
  2. params (Params): An argument passed to effect call
  3. error (Fail): An error catched from the handler
  4. result (Done): A result of the resolved handler

Example

import {createEffect} from 'effector'
const fetchApiFx = createEffect({
handler: ms => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms, `${ms} ms`)),
})
fetchApiFx.finally.watch(console.log)
fetchApiFx(100)
// if resolved
// => {status: 'done', result: '100 ms', params: 100}
// if rejected
// => {status: 'fail', error: Error, params: 100}

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pending

Formulae

$store = effect.pending
  • $store will update when done or fail are triggered
  • $store contains true value until the effect is resolved or rejected
Important

Do not modify $store value! It is derived store and should be in predictable state.

Example

import React from 'react'
import {createEffect} from 'effector'
import {useStore} from 'effector-react'
const fetchApiFx = createEffect({
handler: ms => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms)),
})
fetchApiFx.pending.watch(console.log)
const Loading = () => {
const loading = useStore(fetchApiFx.pending)
return <div>{loading ? 'Loading...' : 'Load complete'}</div>
}
ReactDOM.render(<Loading />, document.getElementById('root'))
fetchApiFx(3000)

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It's a shorthand for common use case

import {createEffect, createStore} from 'effector'
const fetchApiFx = createEffect()
//now you can use fetchApiFx.pending instead
const isLoading = createStore(false)
.on(fetchApiFx, () => true)
.on(fetchApiFx.done, () => false)
.on(fetchApiFx.fail, () => false)

inFlight

Formulae

$count = effect.inFlight
  • Store $count will be 0 if no calls of effect in pending state, its default state
  • On each call of effect state in $count store will be increased
  • When effect resolves to any state(done or fail) state in $count store will be decreased
Important

Do not modify $store value! It is derived store and should be in predictable state.

since

effector 20.11.0

Store which show how many effect calls aren't settled yet. Useful for rate limiting.

Example

import {createEffect} from 'effector'
const fx = createEffect({
handler: () => new Promise(rs => setTimeout(rs, 500)),
})
fx.inFlight.watch(amount => {
console.log('in-flight requests:', amount)
})
// => 0
const req1 = fx()
// => 1
const req2 = fx()
// => 2
await Promise.all([req1, req2])
// => 1
// => 0

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